Sometimes children ask such questions that you do not know whether to laugh or blush. And it is important for the child to get an answer. Children do not want us to ignore them, to lie or laugh at their naivety. The child does not need to know more than he asked. Answer simple, but do not be fooled.
If you do not know the answer, just admit it to the baby. And look for the answer together. Such an approach will only strengthen your authority, but a lie, on the contrary, will destroy; when a child learns the truth from someone, you will have to explain to him why you have lied. Look deeper: sometimes a question is an unconscious attempt to ask for help or a hidden fear, try to understand what the little person is really expecting from you.
Do microbes see each other
No, in order to “build” the eye, you need a lot of living cells, and most microbes have too few or even one – they themselves. But even if the microbes suddenly had eyes, they would hardly have seen their brothers anyway. After all, the eye simply perceives light, and sight is already the fruit of the activity of the nervous system. Therefore, even if the eye and placed on the microbe, the nervous system there is still no place. However, bacteria can “communicate” with each other. Scientists have discovered that certain types of bacteria emit certain signals. This allows them to determine the size of their community.
An explanation for the child: germs may feel that there is another microbe next to them, but they will not be able to see it, because such a complex system as vision cannot be created on such a small creature as bacteria.
Why is the water wet?
Everything in the world has its own state – liquid, solid or gaseous. But the water is also “wet” because water molecules have a certain connection with each other and are able to “cling” to hands, objects, clothes; passing them some of their properties, wet them. The concept of “wet” – this is our tactile sensations, what we can describe by touching the water. The receptors send signals to the brain, and the combination of movement, temperature, water pressure tells him: “the water is wet.”
An explanation for the child: we could not say that the water is wet if our skin could not feel. Particles of water are attached to the skin, making it temporarily wet.
Why is the airplane hanging in the air?
The aircraft is kept in the air due to lift. It, in turn, occurs when air flows towards the wing. The wing is rotated at the exact angle and at a certain speed of the aircraft begins to “take off”, strive upwards. The counter-flow of air constantly supports the wing, preventing it from falling. The aircraft is accelerated, of course, by engines. The jet is pushing the plane forward, and the propellers are pulling it behind them. The plane’s work is influenced by 4 forces – thrust, resistance, weight, lifting force. Their interaction allows airplanes to stay in the air.
An explanation for the child: the plane can rise into the air because the engineers came up with a special shape of the wings, they help the air to hold it, while the engines make the plane move.
Is the earth round or flat?
Virtually all the major planets and the Earth is no exception, are spherical. They took this form because they are very heavy. And their own power of gravity (gravity) gives them the shape of a ball. If another force suddenly appeared and wanted to give the planet, for example, a cube shape, then when the effect of this force ends, the force of the force will again “collect” the planet into a ball. The protruding parts will begin to retract until the entire surface becomes harmonious from the “point of view” of the force of force. But still, the Earth is not a perfect ball – it is flattened at the poles.
An explanation for the child: our planet is very heavy, and therefore it is difficult for her to take other forms. The invisible force, which acts on our Earth, “makes” it be round.
Why is there no mouse-like cat food?
Rabbit, chicken, beef, fish … And why do not produce food with the most “cat” taste – the taste of mice? It’s simple: people, who create food, do not know the taste of mice and are not going to try. Cats would be happy about such food – this is a big question. Indeed, many domestic cats, even if they catch a mouse, almost never eat it, but only brag about their prey in front of the owner and play with it. Scientists say: in order for a cat to want to eat a mouse, it needs to show this process in childhood, to develop a skill. In other words, if mother-cat did not teach to hunt, and then there is a mouse, then the cat doesn’t really think about it unless she is lost in the forest and not hungry.
An explanation for the child: to know that the food will be delicious, you need to try it, and none of the people will eat a mouse. In addition, domestic cats, too, may not like the taste of the mouse, because they catch them, but rarely eat.
Why do cats have eyes in the dark?
In order for the cat’s eyes to light up in the dark, a little light must still be present in the room. Because this glow is nothing but a reflection of light, in an absolutely dark room the eyes will not glow. The cat’s eyes have a very thin reflective layer of the eye, consisting of transparent cells. Light is absorbed by the cat’s eye not entirely but is reflected by transparent cells and a narrow beam comes out. This property allows cats to see in the dark much better.
An explanation for the child: the cat has special transparent particles in the eye, they can be compared with pieces of a mirror. If there is a little light in the dark room, it will surely reflect from these “mirrors”, and it will seem to us that the cat’s eyes are burning.
Why blood is red and the veins are blue?
There is a fun bike, which is told to children, that the blood is actually blue, and just going out and coming into contact with the air turns red. Of course, this is just a joke. The blood is always red, and the veins seem to us blue. This is due to the laws of physics about the reflection of light. The tissues of our body absorb the rays of the red spectrum, and blue – reflect. The brain “compares” the color of the vessels with the warm color of the skin and “shows” us the blue color.
An explanation for the child: Our eyes perceive colors differently, depending on how the light falls. Through the skin layer, red appears to us blue.
Why poop brown
It is this color that will tell us about health, but other shades make us worry that something went wrong in the body. The brown color is obtained because food from the stomach enters the small intestine. And in its upper section – the duodenum-bile enters. The interaction of bile with food debris, the formation of a special substance is stercobilin and gives a brown tint. Other colors speak about problems in the body. Green – dysbiosis or infection, light yellow – problems with the liver, red – can indicate bleeding only if you have not eaten beets or tomatoes the day before.
An explanation for the child: the brown shit becomes because they are so colored by a special substance that the body of a healthy person produces. Other colors can mean that the body tells us about ill health and should see a doctor.
Why are the roads so bad?
This rhetorical question worries not only children. Often this situation occurs due to non-compliance with technical issues when laying asphalt. One of the reasons, according to experts, is the erosion of the soil. Where coverage regularly breaks, there are problems underground. But already to the erosion of the soil can lead to negligence in relation to communications – leaky water and sewer pipes.
An explanation for the child: if the road failed again, it could mean that the workers made a mistake when laying asphalt or somewhere near the ground there are leaky pipes or underground streams that erode the road.
Why do adults make faces to babies?
Robes and excessive smiles, to which already grown up kids can react with bewilderment, why are they? And from the excess of emotions! An adult wants to be closer to the child, to make him laugh, to cause a smile or infectious laughter. Therefore does everything for this. Sometimes remembering his childhood and having fun from the heart.
Why does mom have breasts, and dad doesn’t have any
Explaining to the child the differences between the sexes, formulate your answers according to age, psychologists say. It is necessary to answer the specific questions of the child if the baby does not ask about the relationship, it is not necessary for him to explain this compulsively. He will ask about it when he is interested. Talking about the physical differences, call a spade a spade, do not hesitate to name the genitals. In general, the embarrassment and some special emphasis on this topic serve a disservice, the baby begins to think that he is asking for something wrong.
How did I come about?
Be honest, but don’t go into details. “When people love each other, they kiss and hug. Dad gives mom his cell. She connects with her mother, and a baby appears in her belly. It is small, like a fish, and swims inside mom. And then it grows, ceases to fit inside and is born. ” Older children can tell about the sperm and egg.
Will I marry mom when I grow up?
Almost all children ask this question when they have an attachment to the opposite sex. Say softly no. “Everyone in the family has its own role. Your sister can not become a dad, a grandmother. And you cannot become the husband of your mother. When you grow up and become an adult, your mother will already be old. You can still love her and take care of her, but marry a beautiful young girl. You will love each other, and you will have your own children. ”
Why do you quarrel?
The child subconsciously feels guilty for quarreling parents. It is important that the baby understands that his guilt is not here. “People quarrel because they do not always agree with each other’s opinions. And children quarrel, and adults sometimes too. But we will surely make it up because we love each other. And each of us loves you. ”
And why is this aunt so fat?
Do not bounce on the child, if in a crowded place he will pay attention to the released person, this is what forms intolerance. “All people are different. There are high, low, thick and thin. And it happens that a person is sick and therefore looks different. In any case, he may be offended. Therefore, no need to point a finger at someone who is different from others. It is better to ask me about him when we are alone so as not to offend anyone. ”
And who do you love more: me or sister?
Brothers and sisters always compete for the love of their parents. No need to put the child in the example of a brother or sister and say that you love her more because she “learns better.” “Yes, you are different, and our love can manifest itself in different ways. But we both love you equally as much as you equally love mom and dad. Both of you are very dear to me. ”
Will the doctor hurt me?
Explain to the child that treatment is necessary. You shouldn’t call him a coward and shame: “What are you like little?” It will hurt a little, but without it, not to become healthy. When I was sick, they also gave me injections. I was scared, but I managed. And you can. Look, your rabbit is sick too, he needs to see a doctor. He is very scared, let’s tell him why you shouldn’t be afraid of the doctor. ”
Will I die? And you?
Do not lie to the child about his invulnerability and your immortality. He is able to accept the truth. “People, animals and even flowers die sometime. This is a law of nature. So it is necessary that everyone who is born has enough space on the planet. And we will ever die. But it will not be soon. We will not become when we grow old like a grandmother, and you will become big like us. You will have your children. Then they will grow big, you will grow old and you will not become. But you will live a wonderful life full of adventures and discoveries. ”
Why are you leaving me for work?
Explain that your work is a law to be reckoned with. Focus on the joy of the upcoming meeting. “I do not want to part with you, but it’s necessary, and there’s nothing to be done about it. Work is very important. But in the evening we will definitely meet and will be very, very happy. Let’s swap our things? Take my key ring and I’ll take your toy. And we will feel each other from afar. ”
What if a monster from under the bed eats me?
Take your child’s fears seriously and together with him think up how to turn terrible into good. “Tell me about the monster. You know, such monsters are very afraid of magic spells. Let’s figure it out together. Or, look, this is not a simple old TV remote. See this secret button? When you press it, the monsters disappear. Let’s put this remote next to your bed. ”