What is concrete?

It’s probably not very often that you think about cement, but if you’ve ever found yourself wondering how this useful substance is made, then read on. What is needed to mix up the perfect consistency of concrete and how does one add just the right amount to achieve a perfectly strong and durable material? Here is some useful information about the desired parts and properties for the formation of tough and supportive concrete.

Contrary to what most people think, cement and concrete are different things. Cement is in fact only concrete segments. Concrete is composed of three main parts: water, aggregate (gravel, sand, or rocks) and Portland cement. Bond, for the majority lies in the structure of the powder, working as a coupling agent when mixed with water and aggregates. This mixture, or a mixture of solids, will be emptied and then solidify into the solid material that we know as concrete.

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Here is some information that will be useful when trying to find out more about cement and concrete. Other important information may be useful to know including the different mix formulae for this type of concrete.

Basic Structure of Concrete Mix

There are only three fundamental components in the mix:


Portland cement

Aggregates (stone, gravel and sand)

Portland cement – a mixture of cement and water glued together to cover the aggregate and sand in the mix. The glue hardens and bonds together both the aggregates and sand.

Water forms part of an important chemical response that occurs during the bonding – known as hydration, it’s an essential process to turn the concrete into a workable solid. The amount of the water in the mixture in pounds compared to the amount of cement is known as the water / concrete ratio. The lower the w / c proportion, the more tough and durable the resulting solid. This results in a higher quality, less porous concrete.

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Aggregate – The sand is a fine material, whereas, stone or flattened / gravel is rough in many mixed factors.

The desired properties of Concrete:

  1. A solid blend is useful. It tends to be regulated and highly workable, can be arranged by DIYers or professional contractors. For Concrete Pumping, visit a site like https://www.monstermixconcrete.co.uk/concrete-pumping/
  2. Characteristics of desired solidified cement include resistance to freezing and thawing and de-icing chemicals, watertight (low porousness), ease of use, and quality. Understand what mix is best suited to the purpose you want it for and what you’re trying to achieve with the solid.
  3. Economics. Because quality is largely dependent on the proportion of water for concrete, water requirements should be limited to reduce the bond requirement (and along these lines, the price reduction as well).

Finding ways to reduce water and cement requirement:

Utilizing a mixture of the heaviest possible

Use the largest aggregate size eligible for such activities.

Utilizing the ideal proportions good for coarse aggregate.