A. DESIGN AND PLANNING. CHOOSING THE SIDE OF THE WORLD FOR A CHILD
Design and planning of children’s rooms it is advisable, to begin with, a revision of the layout of the entire apartment. Perhaps you have several corridors, a weak insolation of the rooms, many bearing walls and so on. Nevertheless, in any, even the smallest apartment, you can find options and dispose of the room so that space is enough for everyone.
Designing a nursery begins with choosing a room on the side of the illumination and size. Preference should be given to the southern and western sides of the world. The size does not matter much. It is always advisable to give the child a separate room, even a small one – 5-7 m 2. If possible, the child should be removed from the living room and kitchen, especially if the child is small. In the extreme case, if this is not possible, inside the room, it is possible to create gypsum plasterboard partitions with niches, lights, and shelves for toys.
B. SEPARATE ROOMS FOR CHILDREN OF DIFFERENT SEXES
While children are small, it makes sense to settle them in one room, and in the second make a play area with a dressing room for children’s clothes and toys. Over time, children will get each in the room that will allow them to have their own zone of games and recreation.
C. DIVISION OF THE NURSERY INTO ZONES
The child is usually divided into several zones, organically related to each other. In particular, it highlights:
- Game Zone;
- Zone for serious occupations or a work area (for example, for school assignments);
- Bookshelves for storing books and school supplies.
It should be borne in mind that a desk in the children’s room should be able to accommodate a computer and peripherals on it. In the design of a child, it is advisable to envisage the possibility of making certain changes in the layout as the child grows up. There is no need to place a TV or set-top box in it, however, the outlets and antenna outlets need to be provided for. If possible, use a window sill area. For example, the table top of the children’s desktop can go into the window sill. In this case, you need to think about the design of curtains in the children’s room so that they do not interfere with the child’s work. Under the top, it is good to place shelves and tables. The height of the highchair must be adjustable.
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D. THE ROLE OF COLOR OF WALLS, MATERIALS, AND FURNITURE IN THE DESIGN OF CHILDREN’S ROOMS, ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLINESS OF MATERIALS
Working on the interior of the nursery, it should be noted that the colors of building materials (in particular wall paints) should be characterized by light, moderately bright tones. Use environmentally friendly materials. Children’s furniture should have a strictly functional character, while at the same time comfortable for the child and adapted for his age.
The choice of a laminate flooring or a parquet board as a floor covering will facilitate easy cleaning. The carpet should not completely cover the floor in the nursery. Place it only in the game zone or near the crib. Given that there are so many children who are allergic, do not create additional sources of dust in the children’s room. In addition to the standard set of furniture, in the nursery, it is good to place a sofa where you can read and accept friends.
E. LIGHT IN THE NURSERY, READING LIGHT
The light in the children’s room is characterized mainly by an upper and a dot arrangement, as well as a night illumination. It is necessary to provide for the possibility of desktop and additional lighting of the child’s desk, some details of the interior (a table lamp fixed to the table by a clamp), the lighting of pictures, a game zone. Illuminance should take into account the age-related stresses on the child’s eyes, accepted in social medicine, and strictly adhere to them. In addition, light fixtures in the nursery should be amenable to quick and convenient cleaning.
F. TOYS AND WARDROBES
In the children’s room, it is convenient to select a dressing room (its dimensions should not be less than 1.20 × 1.20, although you can always think about different layout options-for example, to make a cabinet wider than the standard.) Although at a cost, build a children’s dressing room, for example, with glass blocks and doors much cheaper, than to buy a ready-made cabinet.There it will be possible to remove large toys, a bicycle or skis.It is better to accommodate a bookcase, a rack.They must correspond to the volume and quantity of those items that will be located in them. Consider it a reserve of volumes and free places.
G. PODIUM STRUCTURES AND SECOND FLOORS IN THE NURSERY
In the design of the children’s room, podium structures can be used mainly for placing on the podium of the working area, a desk, and a personal computer. In this case, the podium becomes the organic center of the children’s room. From the podium can go crib or boxes for toys, or vice versa (as in the photos) on the podium – a cot, and under it – a locker for toys and things. In this situation, it is not worthwhile to place a child’s bed high. In this case, the podium is placed at an altitude of 1.20 m from the floor. Sometimes you can put a wardrobe on the podium. If the total height of the ceilings in the nursery is 2.70 m, the height in the dressing room will be approximately 2.10 m. Then a cot can leave the podium in the dressing room.
H. FLOOR COVERINGS, WINDOW DECORATION, AND CHILD SAFETY
Floor coverings, coloring, and texture of the floors in children’s rooms must comply with strict safety standards and GOSTs concerning the health of children. After the repair, it is advisable not to move to the apartment for a couple of months, until the building dust settles and the smell of paint disappears. Strict safety standards refer to the decor of the windows of children’s rooms, which should not rotate inward from the pressure, and the opening area should be smaller than the physical parameters of the figure of the child. The possibility of self-opening a child’s window and, especially, a fall from it, must be completely eliminated. Decorating the windows of the children’s room with cords and beads, it is necessary to exclude the entry of this decor to the curious child in the handles. If your child’s window is up to the floor, then the window handles should be located out of reach of the child.
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When planning even small rooms for children’s rooms, we advise you to contact interior design specialists who will help you find the most competent, original and non-standard approaches you did not even know about.